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Статья Каддафи в НьюЙоркТаймс

January 22, 2009
Op-Ed Contributor
The One-State Solution
By MUAMMAR QADDAFI

Tripoli, Libya

THE shocking level of the last wave of Israeli-Palestinian violence, which ended with this weekend’s cease-fire, reminds us why a final resolution to the so-called Middle East crisis is so important. It is vital not just to break this cycle of destruction and injustice, but also to deny the religious extremists in the region who feed on the conflict an excuse to advance their own causes.

But everywhere one looks, among the speeches and the desperate diplomacy, there is no real way forward. A just and lasting peace between Israel and the Palestinians is possible, but it lies in the history of the people of this conflicted land, and not in the tired rhetoric of partition and two-state solutions.

Although it’s hard to realize after the horrors we’ve just witnessed, the state of war between the Jews and Palestinians has not always existed. In fact, many of the divisions between Jews and Palestinians are recent ones. The very name “Palestine” was commonly used to describe the whole area, even by the Jews who lived there, until 1948, when the name “Israel” came into use.

Jews and Muslims are cousins descended from Abraham. Throughout the centuries both faced cruel persecution and often found refuge with one another. Arabs sheltered Jews and protected them after maltreatment at the hands of the Romans and their expulsion from Spain in the Middle Ages.

The history of Israel/Palestine is not remarkable by regional standards — a country inhabited by different peoples, with rule passing among many tribes, nations and ethnic groups; a country that has withstood many wars and waves of peoples from all directions. This is why it gets so complicated when members of either party claims the right to assert that it is their land.

The basis for the modern State of Israel is the persecution of the Jewish people, which is undeniable. The Jews have been held captive, massacred, disadvantaged in every possible fashion by the Egyptians, the Romans, the English, the Russians, the Babylonians, the Canaanites and, most recently, the Germans under Hitler. The Jewish people want and deserve their homeland.

But the Palestinians too have a history of persecution, and they view the coastal towns of Haifa, Acre, Jaffa and others as the land of their forefathers, passed from generation to generation, until only a short time ago.

Thus the Palestinians believe that what is now called Israel forms part of their nation, even were they to secure the West Bank and Gaza. And the Jews believe that the West Bank is Samaria and Judea, part of their homeland, even if a Palestinian state were established there. Now, as Gaza still smolders, calls for a two-state solution or partition persist. But neither will work.

A two-state solution will create an unacceptable security threat to Israel. An armed Arab state, presumably in the West Bank, would give Israel less than 10 miles of strategic depth at its narrowest point. Further, a Palestinian state in the West Bank and the Gaza Strip would do little to resolve the problem of refugees. Any situation that keeps the majority of Palestinians in refugee camps and does not offer a solution within the historical borders of Israel/Palestine is not a solution at all.

For the same reasons, the older idea of partition of the West Bank into Jewish and Arab areas, with buffer zones between them, won’t work. The Palestinian-held areas could not accommodate all of the refugees, and buffer zones symbolize exclusion and breed tension. Israelis and Palestinians have also become increasingly intertwined, economically and politically.

In absolute terms, the two movements must remain in perpetual war or a compromise must be reached. The compromise is one state for all, an “Isratine” that would allow the people in each party to feel that they live in all of the disputed land and they are not deprived of any one part of it.

A key prerequisite for peace is the right of return for Palestinian refugees to the homes their families left behind in 1948. It is an injustice that Jews who were not originally inhabitants of Palestine, nor were their ancestors, can move in from abroad while Palestinians who were displaced only a relatively short time ago should not be so permitted.

It is a fact that Palestinians inhabited the land and owned farms and homes there until recently, fleeing in fear of violence at the hands of Jews after 1948 — violence that did not occur, but rumors of which led to a mass exodus. It is important to note that the Jews did not forcibly expel Palestinians. They were never “un-welcomed.” Yet only the full territories of Isratine can accommodate all the refugees and bring about the justice that is key to peace.

Assimilation is already a fact of life in Israel. There are more than one million Muslim Arabs in Israel; they possess Israeli nationality and take part in political life with the Jews, forming political parties. On the other side, there are Israeli settlements in the West Bank. Israeli factories depend on Palestinian labor, and goods and services are exchanged. This successful assimilation can be a model for Isratine.

If the present interdependence and the historical fact of Jewish-Palestinian coexistence guide their leaders, and if they can see beyond the horizon of the recent violence and thirst for revenge toward a long-term solution, then these two peoples will come to realize, I hope sooner rather than later, that living under one roof is the only option for a lasting peace.

Muammar Qaddafi is the leader of Libya.

_________________
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This is actually amazingly thoughtful and fair... not saying I agree with
the core thesis, but it's written like the intelligent, secular, modern
Colonel that he originally was, before he got distracted.
Ю.

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This is a very well written piece, and it is not a coincidence. Actually, there is nothing new in it but the newly invented and rather clumsy name Isrtine. The one state solution is very popular among Muslim intellectuals and their extreme left-wing sympathizers, especially in Academia. Our former neighbor and current Columbia University Professor Khalid Rashidi prominently represents both groups. This piece is obviously produced by one of them. Its main idea is very appealing to the more moderate people since it allows to achieve elimination of Israel without direct extermination of the Jews. Creation of a bigger state including Arab populated Gaza Strip and West Bank will produce a country with the population equally divided between Jews and Arabs: roughly 5.5 million Jews versus 5.5 million Arabs (1.5 mil Israeli, 1.5 mil Gazan and 2.5 mil West Bank Arabs). Considering the huge difference in the rate of proliferation between these two groups, the Jews will quickly become a minority, and this process will only continue until they become barely relevant in their land. But the author goes much farther - he argues for the return of all the descendants of the Arab refugees who left their homes in 1948 and 1967. This adds many more millions of people to the total - although the initial number of refugees rests around one million people, up to 10 million may claim their heritage to this group nowadays, according to some estimates. Even if we subtract the numbers of the refugees currently living in the West Bank and Gaza, we are left with many millions of additional people moving to the new state from the neighboring countries and from all over the world. Now, keep in mind, that these people will claim, rightfully or fraudulently, their rights to their ancestral homes and land in Haifa, Yaffe and so on. What will you do with the current population of these places? I can go on, but better stop now.

In brief, I think that Jews deserve to have a Jewish state. It is not necessary for this state to be a modern western democracy. If a Jew wants to live in such a state, he or she can stay in or move to a number of western countries. If the Arabs are so concern about democracy, freedom, human rights and equality, they can start with their own countries and leave the Jews alone. Israel, on the other hand, cannot survive by executing the all-inclusive model of the state. It must stay Jewish in order to remain faithful to its purpose and destiny, and this makes the one state solution look like a travesty to me.

Going back to the authorship of this article, I doubt very much that Qaddafi can express his thoughts this eloquently or that his position on the subject is so moderate. It is much more plausible that this is a carefully crafted political statement made by the left through their favorite means - the NYT - in a historic moment of key importance, and I see it as an attempt to influence the new administration and promote a radical change of the US policy in the Middle East and toward Israel.

A.

_________________
...и это пройдет....


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I agree with you and disagree with Qaddafi!!! I wasn't suggesting I liked
his proposed remedy. I was just interested in the tone and the details.

Incidentally, whether he did in this case or not, I think Qadaffi probably
*can* express himself this well, and I expect that like many of the other
dictatorial leaders in that and other parts of the world, he's very smart,
charismatic, courageous and generally competent. Did you read a profile of
him a few years ago in the NYT?

And I actually think that he and other similarly-situated governments are
realizing that they are far more threatened by Hamas/MuslimBrotherhood,
Islamic Jihad, Hezbollah, et al, than they are by either Israel the state
*or* the alleged displeasure of their populace over the issue. Even the
Syrians are probably starting to realize that they run the risk of suffering
the fate of the Americans & the Saudis who trained bin Laden & Co. as a way
to project power against another state, only to have the psychos turn on
them later.

It is remarkable how supportive most of the Arab governments were of the
Gaza operation. So there's hope in that. I choose to be more optimistic and
see it as part of many signs pointing towards a continued and happy
evolution of Nasserite expansionist ideology towards a pragmatic,
increasingly non-ideological and still secular policy. The peace treaties
have endured long enough, bolstered by behind-the-scenes security
cooperation and increasingly shared, near-identical security interests
between Israel and its neighbors. Having Quaddafi acknowledge many of the
smaller points is valuable even if the solution he offers is no solution at
all.

Using the term "final solution" was probably an oversight that shows that at
least it wasn't ghost-written by the NYTimes staff, who while quite
objectionable in many respects and insensitive to strategy are always
ever-sensitive to sensibilities.
Ю.

_________________
...и это пройдет....


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I did not see the profile but will try to find it in the archive. Since I am not a subscriber anymore, I am not sure how much of it is available to me.

The point I was trying to make was that this piece was produced by local people
for local consumption. By the way, the final solution flop may come from the generational gap - young writers and editors may have a very different set of mandatory red flags, and it is possible that this one is being replaced by something related to gender, ethnicity or something else.
А.

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http://uk.youtube.com/watch?v=MX_v0zxM23Q

Ингаугурационная речь АВК

Очень интересно показалось

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